Faculty

Mark Bocko

Distinguished Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering
Professor, Physics & Astronomy
Technical Director, Center for Future Health
Affiliated Faculty, Eastman School of Music, Music Theory
Director, Center for Emerging and Innovative Sciences (CEIS)

Chair of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
PhD, University of Rochester, 1984

518 CSB
(585) 275-4879
Fax: (585) 275-7151
mark.bocko@rochester.edu

Short Biography

Professor Bocko earned his PhD in Physics from the University of Rochester in 1984, and after a brief post-doc, joined the ECE department in 1985. He has research and teaching experience in the areas of sensors and transducers, low-noise electronics, high speed digital superconducting electronics, quantum coherent electronics and quantum noise, microelectronic fabrication, microwaves, nonlinear dynamics, digital signal processing, musical acoustics, and digital audio. He is also the director for the Center for Emerging Innovative Systems (CEIS), a New York State supported center for promoting joint university-industry research and technology development, which is housed at the University of Rochester. Professor Bocko has enjoyed teaching courses on solid state devices, microwaves, nonlinear dynamics, circuits, DSP in audio, and engineering design. Currently, his teaching is in primarily in the latter two areas. Over the years, he was won three separate teaching awards at the University of Rochester. 

Professor Bocko became chair of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in February 2012. He had previously been the chair from 2004-2010.

Research Overview

Sensors

Professor Bocko's work on sensors extends back to his graduate student days, when he first worked on gravitational wave detectors. He studied the quantum limits of resonant mass gravitational wave antennae and quantum nondemolition measurement techniques; and along the way, developed transducers that could measure displacements of macroscopic resonant bar gravitational wave detectors to a precision of about 1/1000th of a proton diameter. This work, involving superconductivity, radio frequency electronics, sensor design, and signal processing set the stage for most of his future research.

His research on sensors has taken a more practical turn since his early days. He developed a highly sensitive capacitive accelerometer, which is still a commercial product available from a major sensor manufacturer. Bocko's research group was also the first to propose using electron tunneling for displacement sensors, and the group explored the quantum limits of tunneling sensors.

More recently, Professor Bocko has worked in the area of CMOS circuits for low-power vibration and acceleration sensors and all digital CMOS image sensors with built-in image compression. In fact, he started a company to develop the latter.

Professor Bocko is also the Technology Director of the University's Center for Future Health, which explores how ubiquitous sensing, communication, and computing technologies may be used to help individuals better manage their health on an everyday basis.

Music Processing

Professor Bocko's first love is music, and he has combined this with his research by co-founding the Music Research Laboratory, which conducts studies in the area of science and technology with music. The group's projects range from creating machines that listen (automated transcription), to the physics of wind instruments and model based music synthesis and musical sound representations. They also have an active project on audio watermarking and steganography and their use for embedding meta-data in compressed and uncompressed sound formats. Bocko plays the bassoon and string bass.

Superconductivity

A good part of Professor Bocko's research has focused on exploiting superconductivity in a variety of electronic applications, including high-frequency digital signal processing circuits and analog circuits for the low-noise detection of weak electromagnetic and mechanical signals. His group developed Josephson junction-based rapid single-flux quantum digital signal processing circuits capable of clock rates above 20 GHz. The group demonstrated basic DSP elements at clock speeds up to 50 GHz. In 1996, Professor Bocko's group was the first to propose building a quantum computer using superconducting Josephson junction circuits; and they worked for many years on quantum coherence in Josephson junction circuits and using RSFQ superconducting electronics to control Josephson junction quantum bits (qubits). Currently, Professor Bocko's interest in this area is focused on nondestructive readout techniques for superconducting and electromechanical qubits.

Honors & Awards

  • 2007 - University of Rochester Graduate Dean's award for Meritorious Service in PhD Education
  • 2002 - University of Rochester Student Association Senate "Professor of the Year"
  • 2002 - University of Rochester School of Engineering and Applied Sciences "Undergraduate Teaching Award"
  • 1991 - Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching Award: College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Rochester
  • Member - American Physical Society, IEEE, Audio Engineering Society, Acoustical Society of America

Publications

  • M. Sterling, X. Dong, and M. Bocko, "Representation of solo clarinet music by physical modeling synthesis", in International Conference on Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2008, 129-132.
  • Xiaoxiao Dong, Mark Sterling, and Mark Bocko, "Empirical physical modeling based music synthesis and representation" (A), J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122, 3055 (2007).
  • E. J. Tan, Z. Ignjatovic, M. F. Bocko, "A CMOS Image Sensor with Focal Plane Discrete Cosine Transform Computation", IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems ISCAS 2007, 2395-2398.
  • H. O. Altun, O. Bulan, G. Sharma, and M. Bocko, "Improved embedding efficiency and AWGN robustness for SS watermarks via pre-coding," In Delp et al. Proc. SPIE: Security, Forensics, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents X Electronic Imaging Symp. 27-31 Jan. 2008, San Jose, CA.
  • A. Orsdemir, H. O. Altun, G. Sharma, and M. Bocko, "Steganalysis-aware Steganography: Statistical indistinguishability despite high distortion," In Delp et al. Proc. SPIE: Security, Forensics, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents X Electronic Imaging Symp. 27-31 Jan. 2008, San Jose, CA.
  • H. O. Altun, G. Sharma, A. Orsdemir, and M. Bocko, " Collusion resilient fingerprint design by alternating projections," in Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. Image Proc., 16-19 Sept. 2007, San Antonio, TX, vol. IV, pp. 437--440.
  • M. Sterling and M. Bocko, "Direct digital predistortion on a computer controlled FPGA," in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Acoustics, Speech, Signal Processing, 2007, pp. II-369 II-372.
  • O. Altun, G. Sharma, A. Orsdemir, and M. Bocko, "Collusion Resilient Fingerprint Design By Alternating Projections", Accepted for ICIP 2007, San Antonio, Texas.
  • Bartlette, C., Headlam, D, Velikic, G, and Bocko, M.F., "Effect of Network Latency on Interactive Musical Performance", Music Perception, Volume 24, Issue 1, 2006, pp 49-62.
  • O. Altun, G. Sharma, M. Celik, and M. Bocko, "A set theoretic watermarking and its application to semifragile tamper detection," IEEE Trans. Information Forensics And Security , IEEE Trans. Info. Forensics and Security, vol. 1, no. 4, Dec. 2006, pp. 479--492
  • O. Altun, G. Sharma, and M. Bocko, Set theoretic quantization index modulation watermarking," in Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. Acoustics Speech and Sig. Proc., May 15-17, 2006, Toulouse, France, ol. II, pp. 229--232.
  • O. Altun, G. Sharma, and M. Bocko, "Multiple watermarking: A vector space projection approach," in Proc. SPIE: Computational Imaging IV, vol. 6065, C. A. Bouman and E. L. Miller, Eds., Jan. 2006, San Jose, CA.
  • O. Altun, G. Sharma, and M. Bocko, "Optimum watermark embedding by vector space projec tions," in Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. Image Proc., 08-11, Oct 2006, Atlanta, GA, pp. 1413-1416.
  • Ignjatovic, Z., Bocko, M.F. "An interface circuit for measuring capacitance changes based upon capacitance-to-duty cycle (CDC) converter", IEEE Sensors Journal, Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2005, pp: 403 - 410.
  • George, S.E., Bocko, M.F., Nickerson, G.W., "Evaluation of a Vibration-Powered, Wireless Temperature Sensor for Health Monitoring" Aerospace 2005 IEEE Conference 05-12, March 2005, pp: 1 - 7.
  • Ignjatovic, Z., Bocko, M.F., "A method for efficient interpolation of discrete-time signals by using a blue-noise mapping method", Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing 2005, (ICASSP '05), Volume 4, pp: IV213 - 216.
  • Ohki, T.A.; Wulf, M.; Bocko, M.F., "Picosecond on-chip qubit control circuitry", IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Volume 15, Issue 2, Part 1, June 2005, pp:837 - 840.
  • Altun, O., Sharma, G., Celik, M., Bocko, M.F., "Semi-fragile hierarchical watermarking in a set theoretic framework", Proc. of the International Conference on Image Processing 2005, pp. 1001-1004.
  • Altun, O., Sharma, G, Bocko, M.F., "Informed watermark embedding in fractional Fourier domains", EUSIPCO , Sep. 2005 (in press).
  • Sterling M., Titlebaum, E., Bocko, M.F., "An adaptive spread-spectrum data hiding technique for digital audio", Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing 2005, (ICASSP '05), pp. 685-688.
  • Altun, O., Sharma G., Celik M., Bocko, M.F., "Hierarchical set theoretic watermarking for tamper detection,", Proc. Western NY Image Processing Workshop 2005, pp. 23-26.
  • Altun, O., Sharma, G., Celik, M., Sterling, M., Titlebaum, E., Bocko,M.F., "Morphological steganalysis of audio and the principle of diminishing marginal distortions", Proc. of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing 2005, pp:21 - 24.
  • Ohki, T.A.; Wulf, M.; Steinman, J.P.; Feldman, M.J.; Bocko, M.F., "Thermometry using thermal activation of Josephson junctions at MilliKelvin temperatures", IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Volume 15, Issue 2, Part 1, June 2005, pp:868 - 871.
  • Ignjatovic, Z, Bocko, M.F., "Sigma-delta analog to digital converter architecture based upon a modulator design employing a mirrored integrator", IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp.I-1132-1135 Vol.1, (2004).
  • Ignjatovic, Z, Bocko, M.F., "A fully-differential switched capacitor chopper stabilized high-pass filter (mirrored integrator)", IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp.I-857-860, (2004).
  • Dong, X., Bocko, M.F., Ignjatovic Z., "Data hiding via phase manipulation of audio signals", 2004 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing. vol.5, pp.V-377-380, (2004).
  • Velikic, G, Titlebaum, E.L., Bocko, M.F., "Musical note segmentation employing combined time and frequency analyses", IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, pp.IV-277-280, (2004).
  • Bocko, M.F., Altun, O, Headlam D.J., Titlebaum E.L., "An expressive and compact representation of musical sound", IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, pp.IV-249-252, (2004).
  • Dong, X., Bocko, M.F., and Ignjatovic,Z., "Robustness analysis of a digital audio steganographic method based on phase manipulation," Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP) 2004, Vol. 3, pp:2375 - 2378.
  • Ohki, T.A., Habif J.L., Feldman, M.J., Bocko, M.F., "Thermal design of superconducting digital circuits for milliKelvin operation", IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol.13, no.2, June 2003, pp.978-81.
  • Wulf, M., Zhou, X., Habif, J.L., Rott, P., Bocko, M.F., Feldman, M.J., "An unshunted comparator as a device for quantum measurements", IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol.13, no.2, June 2003, pp.974-7.
  • Crankshaw, D.S., Habif, J.L., Zhou, X., Orlando, T.P., Feldman, M.J., Bocko, M.F., "An RSFQ variable duty cycle oscillator for driving a superconductive qubit", IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol.13, no.2, June 2003, pp.966-9.
  • Mancini, C.A., Bocko, M.F., "Short-term frequency stability of clock generators for multigigahertz rapid-single-flux quantum digital circuits", IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol.13, no.1, March 2003, pp.25-37.
  • D.S. Crankshaw, J.L. Habif, X. Zhou, T.P. Orlando , M.J. Feldman, and M.F. Bocko, "An RSFQ Variable Duty Cycle Oscillator for Driving a Superconductive Qubit," IEEE Trans. Appl. Superconductivity, 13, 966-969, 2003.
  • Ignjatovic, Z., Perillo, M, Heinzelman, W, and Bocko,M.F., "An Energy Conservation Method for Wireless Sensor Networks Employing a Blue Noise Spatial Sampling Technique," 2nd IEEE Upstate New York Workshop on Sensor Networks, Syracuse, NY, October 2003.
  • Orlando, T.P., Lloyd, S., Levitov, L.S., Berggren, K.K., Feldman, M.J., Bocko, M.F., Mooij, J.E., Harmans, C.J.P., van der Wal, C.H., "Flux-based superconducting qubits for quantum computation", Physica C, vol.372-376, pt.1, 1 Aug. 2002, pp.194-200.
  • T.P. Orlando, S. Lloyd, L.S. Levitov, K.K. Berggren, M.J. Feldman, M.F. Bocko, J.E. Mooij, C.J.P. Harmans, and C.H. van der Wal, "Flux-based Superconducting Qubits for Quantum Computation," Physica C 372, 194-200 (P1) (2002).
  • "A "Tipping Pulse" Scheme for rf-SQUID Qubits", Xingxiang Zhou, Jonathan Habif, Mark F. Bocko, and Marc J. Feldman, IEEE Trans. Applied Superconductivity, 11, 1018-1021, (2001).
  • "Design of a RSFQ Control Circuit to Observe MQC in an rf-SQUID", Roberto Rey-De-Castro, Mark F. Bocko, Andrea M. Herr, Cesar A. Mancini, Marc J. Feldman, IEEE Trans. Applied Superconductivity, 11, 1014-1017 (2001).
  • "Measurement of Jitter in a Long Josephson Junction Soliton Oscillator Clock Source", Jonathan L. Habif, Cesar A. Mancini, and Mark F. Bocko, IEEE Trans. Applied Superconductivity, 11, 1086-1089, (2001).
  • "A Realistic Experiment to Demonstrate Macroscopic Quantum Coherence", Marc J. Feldman and Mark F. Bocko, Physica C, 350, 171-176, (2001).
  • "Isolation Structures for the Solid-State Quantum-to-Classical Interface", Xingxiang Zhou, Mark F. Bocko, and Marc J. Feldman, International Conference on Quantum Information (ICQI), Rochester, July 2001.
  • "A Tipping Pulse Scheme for an rf-SQUID Qubit", Jonathan L. Habif, Xingxiang Zhou, Mark F. Bocko, and Marc J. Feldman, International Conference on Quantum Information (ICQI), Rochester, July 2001.
  • "An Experiment to Observe Macroscopic Quantum Coherence in an rf-SQUID", Xingxiang Zhou, Jonathan L. Habif, Pavel Rott, Mark F. Bocko, and Marc J. Feldman, International Conference on Quantum Information (ICQI), Rochester, July 2001.
  • "Phase-locked operation of RSFQ ring oscillators", C.A. Mancini and M.F. Bocko, Supercond. Sci. Technol., 12, 789-791 (1999).
  • "Timing Jitter and Bit Errors in a 64-Bit Circular Shift Register", A.M. Herr, M.J. Feldman, and M.F. Bocko, IEEE Trans. Applied Superconductivity, 9, 3721-3724 (1999).
  • "Short-Term Frequency Stability of RSFQ Ring Oscillators", C.A. Mancini and M.F. Bocko, IEEE Trans. Applied Superconductivity, 9, 3545-3548 (1999).
  • "High-Speed operation of a 64-bit circular shift register," A.M. Herr, C.A. Mancini, N. Vukovic, M.F. Bocko and M.J. Feldman, IEEE Trans. Applied Superconductivity, 8, 2365 (1998).
  • "Mechanical amplifiers for gravitational wave detectors", Mark F. Bocko, Am. J. Phys. 65, 574-578 (1997).
  • "Prospects for quantum coherent computation using superconducting electronics", Mark F. Bocko, Andrea M. Herr, and Marc J. Feldman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercon. 7, 3638-3641 (1997).
  • Design and low speed testing of a four-bit RSFQ multiplier-accumulator", Quentin P. Herr, Nada Vukovic, Cesar A. Mancini, Kris Gaj, Qing Ke, Victor Adler, Eby G. Friedman, Andrzej Krasniewski, Mark F. Bocko, and Marc J. Feldman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercon. 7, 3168-3171 (1997).
  • "High speed testing of a four-bit RSFQ decimation digital filter", Quentin P. Herr, Kris Gaj, Andrea M. Herr, Nada Vukovic, Cesar A. Mancini, Mark F. Bocko, and Marc J. Feldman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercon. 7, 2975-2978 (1997).
  • RSFQ circular shift registers", Cesar A. Mancini, Nada Vukovic, Andrea M. Herr, Kris Gaj, Mark F. Bocko, and Marc J. Feldman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercon. 7, 2832-2835 (1997).
  • "On the measurement of a weak classical force coupled to a harmonic oscillator", M.F. Bocko and R. Onofrio, Reviews of Modern Physics, 68, 755-799, (1996).
  • "Adder accumulator cells in RSFQ logic", D.K. Brock, S.S. Martinet, M.J. Feldman, and M.F. Bocko, IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, 5, 3006-3009, (1995).
  • "On-chip picosecond delay measurement of RSFQ digital logic gates", D.K. Brock, S.S. Martinet, and M.F. Bocko, IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, 5, 2844-2248, (1995).
  • "Design and testing of QOS comparators for an RSFQ based analog to digital converter", D. K. Brock, S.S. Martinet, and M.F. Bocko, IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, 5, 2244-2247, (1995).
  • "A radio-frequency superconducting parametric transducer for gravitational wave antennae", M.A. Fisher, M.F. Bocko, L.E. Marchese, G. Zhang, and M. Karim, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 106-114, (1995).
  • "Performance of an inertially coupled, three-mode gravitational wave antenna prototype", L.E. Marchese, M.F. Bocko, G. Zhang, and M.Karim, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 2627-2634, (1994).
  • "Simulation and optimization of binary full-adder cells in rapid single flux quantum logic", S.S. Martinet, and M.F. Bocko, IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, 3, 2720-2723, (1993).
  • "Multipump and quasi-stroboscopic back-action-evasion measurements for resonant-bar gravitational wave antennae", L.E. Marchese and M.F. Bocko, Phys. Rev. D45, 1869 (1992).
  • "Uncertainty principle noise in vacuum-tunneling transducers", C. Presilla, R.Onofrio and M.F. Bocko, Phys. Rev. B45, 3735, (1992).
  • "The Rochester para-bridge transducer", M.A. Fisher, M.F. Bocko, M. Karim, and G. Zhang, Proceedings of the Sixth Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, eds. H. Sato and T. Nakamura, World Scientific, Singapore, 1474 (1992).
  • "Electron and photon tunneling transducers for gravitational wave antennae", M.F. Bocko, F. Bordoni, M. Karim, R. Onofrio, C. Presilla, S. Schiller, K.A. Stephenson, and N. Zhu, Proceedings of the Sixth Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, eds. H. Sato and T. Nakamura, World Scientific, Singapore, 1459 (1992).
  • "Quasi-stroboscopic back-action-evasion measurements for resonant-bar gravitational wave antennae", L.E. Marchese, M.F. Bocko, R. Onofrio, Proceedings of the Sixth Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, eds. H. Sato and T.Nakamura, World Scientific, Singapore, 1322 (1992).
  • "Tunneling transducers: quantum limited displacement monitors at the nanometer scale", M.F. Bocko and K.A. Stephenson, J. Vac Sci. Technol., B9, 1363, (1991). 
  • "Mechanical amplifier squeezes Brownian motion", M.F. Bocko, Physics World, Vol. 4, No 11, 21, (1991).
  • "Coherent harmonic generation in superconductors for various critical-state models", M.W. Johnson, D.H. Douglass and M.F. Bocko, Phys. Rev. B44, 7726 (1991).
  • "A Phase Sensitive SIS Mixer to Circumvent the Quantum Limit", M.F. Bocko, Zhao-nan Zhang and S. Martinet, IEEE Trans. Mag. 27, 3391-3394, (1991).
  • "A transducer based upon vacuum tunneling", Stephenson, K.A.; Bocko, M.F., International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators, 1991. Digest of Technical Papers, TRANSDUCERS '91, 1991 pp:389 - 392.
  • "Novel transducers for gravitational wave detectors", M.A. Fisher, M.F.Bocko, G. Zhang, L.E. Marchese, M. Karim, and F. Bordoni, in Gravitational Astronomy: Instrument Design and Astrophysical Prospects, ed. by D.E. McClelland and H.A. Bachor, World Scientific, 317 (1991).
  • "Vacuum Tunneling Transducer for Gravitational Wave Antennas", F. Bordoni, F. Fuligni and M.F. Bocko, "Proceedings of the Fifth Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity", pp 1877-1887, World Scientific (1990).
  • "Proposed Room-Temperature Detector for Gravitational Radiation from Galactic Sources", F. Bordoni, M. Karim, M.F. Bocko and T. Mengxi, Phys. Rev. D42, 2952-2955, (1990).
  • "The Scanning Tunneling Microscope as a High-Gain, Low-Noise Displacement Sensor", M.F. Bocko, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 61, 3763-3768, (1990).
  • "Behavior of a Nonlinear Resonator Driven at Subharmonic Frequencies", J.H. Baxter, M.F. Bocko and D.H. Douglass, Phys Rev. A41, 619-625, (1990).
  • "Reduced-noise Nonreciprocal Transducer Based upon Vacuum Tunneling", K.A. Stephenson, M.F. Bocko and R.H. Koch, Phys. Rev. A40 6615-6625, (1989).
  • "New Ways with Gravitational Waves", Mark F. Bocko, Nature, 338, 122, (1989).
  • A RF Superconducting Electromechanical Transducer for Gravitational Wave Antennae", M.F. Bocko, W.W. Johnson and V. Iafolla, IEEE Trans. Mag. 25, 1358-1361 (1989).
  • "Gravitational Radiation Detector" entry in The McGraw - Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, M.F. Bocko and D.H. Douglass, McGraw - Hill Publishing Company, New York (1989).
  • "Numerical Computation of Two-LO SIS Mixer Gain and Noise", Z.N. Zhang, M.F. Bocko and M.J. Wengler, IEEE Trans. Mag. 25, 1042-1045 (1989).
  • "Phase Sensitive Heterodyne Receivers with SIS Quasiparticle Mixers", M.F. Bocko, M.J. Wengler and Z.N. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Mag. 25, 1038-1041 (1989).
  • "Beating the Quantum Limit in SIS Mixers", M.J. Wengler and M.F. Bocko, IEEE Trans. Mag. 25, 1376-1379 (1989).
  • "Parametric Transducers and Quantum Nondemolition in Bar Detectors", M.F. Bocko and W.W. Johnson, in Gravitational Wave Data Analysis, ed. by B.F. Schutz, pp 125-134, Kluwer Academic Publishers (1989).
  • "Vacuum Tunneling Probe: A Nonreciprocal, Reduced-Back-Action Transducer", M.F. Bocko, K.A. Stephenson and R.H. Koch, Phys. Rev. Lett.,61, 726-729 (1988).
  • "Spectral Changes and Frequency Shifts Produced by Source Correlations", M.F. Bocko, G.M. Morris and E. Wolf, Physics Today, 41, S60 (1988).
  • "Phase-sensitive Amplification and Deamplification of Noise and the Noise Rise in Period-Doubling Systems Near a Bifurcation", M.F. Bocko and J. Battiato, Phys. Rev. Letts. 60, 1763-1766 (1988).
  • "Observation of Frequency Shifts of Spectral Lines Due to Source Correlations", M.F. Bocko, D.H. Douglass and R.S. Knox, Phys. Rev. Lett., 58, 2649-2651 (1987).
  • "Progress in Back Action Evasion Experiments", M.F. Bocko and W.W. Johnson, in New Techniques and Ideas in Quantum Measurement Theory, edited by D.M. Greenberger, The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, New York, (1986) pp 250-262.(Invited contribution)
  • "Squeezed Noise in Precision Force Measurements", M.F. Bocko, F. Bordoni, F. Fuligni and W.W. Johnson, in Noise in Physical Systems and 1/f Noise, edited by A. D'Amico and P. Mazzetti, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (1986) pp 47-56.(Invited contribution)
  • "Gravitational Radiation", article in The McGraw - Hill 1986 Yearbook of Science and Technology, M.F. Bocko and D.H. Douglass, McGraw - Hill Publishing Company, New York pp 222-225 (1985).
  • "Phase-Sensitive Parametric Motion Transducer", M.F. Bocko and W.W. Johnson, Phys. Rev. A, 30, 2135-2137 (1984).
  • "Bounded Regions of Chaotic Behavior in the Control Parameter Space of a Driven Non-Linear Resonator", M.F. Bocko, D.H. Douglass and H.H. Frutchy, Phys. Lett. 104A, 388-390 (1984).
  • "The Rochester Gravitational Wave Detector", M.F. Bocko, M.W. Cromar, D.H. Douglass, R.Q. Gram, W.W. Johnson, M. Karim, C.C. Lam, D. Macaluso, J.R. Marsden, B. Muhlfelder, L. Narici and M. Zucker, J. Phys. E : Sci. Instrum., 17, 694-702 (1984).
  • "Noise Characteristics of a Cryogenically Cooled GaAs MESFET at 4 MHz", M. F. Bocko, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 256-257 (1984).
  • "A Proposed Back Action Evading Read-out for a Gravitational Wave Detector", M.F. Bocko, L. Narici, D.H. Douglass and W.W. Johnson, Phys. Lett. 97A, 259-262 (1983).
  • "The Rochester Gravitational Wave Detector : A Progress Report", M.F. Bocko, D. H. Douglass, R.Q. Gram, W.W. Johnson, M. Karim, B. Muhlfelder, L. Narici and M. Zucker, in 10th International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation, edited by B. Bertotti, F. deFelice and A. Paccolini, pp 897-900 (1983).
  • Book Review, Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics by Clifford M. Will, reviewed by D.H. Douglass and M.F. Bocko, Science, 216, 979 (May 28, 1982).
  • "Surpassing the Amplifier Limit for Force Detection", M.F. Bocko and W.W. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1371-1374 (1982).
  • "Approaching the Quantum "Limit" for Force Detection", W.W. Johnson and M. F. Bocko, Phys. Rev. Lett., 47, 1184-1187 (1981).

Patents and Patent Applications

  • "Transducer In-situ Testing Apparatus and Method", Isaak Baber, Mark F. Bocko, Jpseph E. Pegg, William Simmons, US Patent 6,698,269.
  • "Sigma-Delta Analog to Digital Converter Architecture Based Upon a Novel Modulator Design Employing a "Mirrored Integrator", Zeljko Ignjatovic, Mark F. Bocko, US Patent 6,707,409.
  • "Autonomous sensor system for remote sensing and signal transmission", Mark F. Bocko, Richard W. Lally, US Patent 6,747,572.
  • "Data Hiding via Phase Manipulation of Audio Signals", Mark F. Bocko, Zeljko Ignjatovic, 2004 pending.
  • "Multiplexed-input-separated sigma-delta analog-to-digital converter design for pixel-level analog-to-digital conversion", Zeljko Ignjatovic, Mark F. Bocko, 2004, pending.
  • "A method and apparatus for the efficient computation of the discrete cosine transform of an image", Zeljko Ignjatovic, Mark F. Bocko, 2003, pending.

People

Okay Altun
PhD student, will graduate in 2009
Research area: Multimedia watermarking

Onur Belek
PhD student, 3rd year
Research area: Sensors

Eryk Druskrewicz
PhD student, 2nd year
Research area: Sensors

(Michael) Gang Ren
PhD student, 2nd year
Research area: Digital Music

Zhe Gao
PhD student, 2nd year
Research area: CMOS Image Sensors

(Benjamin) Guo-chen Peng
PhD student, 2nd year
Research area: Analog-to-Digital Converters

Danijel Maricic
PhD student, 3rd year
Research area: CMOS Image Sensors

Stanislava Soro
Postdoc
Research area: Sensor Networks

Mark Sterling
PhD student, will graduate in 2009
Research area: Digital Music Synthesis

Ed Tan
PhD student, will graduate in 2009
Research area: CMOS Image Sensors

Gordana Velikic
Postdoc
Research area: Cardiac Monitoring, Center for Future Health