Project GENIUS (Green sEnsor Networks for aIr qUality Support)

University of Rochester: Li Chen, Jeremy Warner, Lucian Copeland, He Ba, Pak Lam (Jack) Yung, Da Wan, Dawei Zhou and Wendi Heinzelman
Northeastern University: Yousof M. Naderi Prusayon Nintanavongsa,
        Ufuk Muncuk, Kaushik Chowdhury and Stefano Basagni
IIT-Delhi: Swades De
IIT-Hyderabad: Soumya Jana

Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE)

Video: 'Bettering the Air we Breathe' by David Wright from the Pratt School
Project overview: Air quality is important for maintaining the health and well-being of the population, with gasses such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide gas, and the more commonly found carbon dioxide gas being some of the major causes of air pollution, collectively responsible for an estimated 527,700 yearly deaths in India and about 41,200 annually in the US. Deploying air quality monitoring wireless sensor networks is a step towards detecting the presence of such pollutants. However, the limited lifetime of the battery-powered monitoring network is a major concern.
Testing Power Harvesting Circuit with WISP

This project called GENIUS (Green sEnsor Networks for aIr qUality Support) proposes a new architecture comprised of sensor hardware, protocols, analytical models, and optimized implementation geared towards new self-sustaining sensor nodes. These sensors operate by harvesting energy from the environment, and optimize energy usage through an on-demand wake-up radio technology, potentially leading to a perennial pollution-monitoring network. GENIUS is envisaged to play a key role in emergency warnings, undertake periodic data logging, and contribute to the societal well being in densely populated and congested regions in both the US and India.
From left: Swades De, Kaushik Chowdhury, Stefano Basagni & Wendi Heinzelman

Book Chapters

    S. Basagni, M. Y. Naderi, C. Petrioli, and D. Spenza, "Wireless sensor networks with energy harvesting," In Mobile Ad Hoc Networking: Cutting Edge Directions, S. Basagni, M. Conti, S. Giordano, and I. Stojmenovic, Eds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013, ch. 20. In print.


  1. P. Nintanavongsa, R. Doost-Mohammady, M. D. Felice, and K. R. Chowdhury, “Device Characterization and Cross-layer Protocol Design for RF Energy Harvesting Sensors,” Elsevier Pervasive and Mobile Computing Journal, accepted, 2012.
  2. P. Nintanavongsa, U. Muncuk, D. R. Lewis, and K. R. Chowdhury, “Design Optimization and Implementation for RF Energy Harvesting Circuits,” IEEE Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, vol. 2, no.1, March 2012.
  3. H. Ba, J. Parvin, L. Soto, I. Demirkol, and W. Heinzelman, "Passive Wake-up Radios: From Devices To Applications," under submission.
  4. L. Chen, I. Demirkol and W. Heinzelman, "Token-MAC: A Fair MAC Protocol for Passive RFID Systems," under submission.


  1. K. Kaushik, D. Mishra, S. De, S. Basagni, W. Heinzelman, K. Chowdhury, and S. Jana, “Experimental Demonstration of Multi-Hop RF Energy Transfer,” Proceedings of the IEEE PIMRC 2013 , September 2013.
  2. L. Chen, S. Cool, H. Ba, W. Heinzelman, I. Demirkol, U. Muncuk, K. Chowdhury and S. Basagni, “Range Extension of Passive Wake-up Radio Systems through Energy Harvesting,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Communication (ICC ’13) , June 2013. [Best Paper Award]
  3. J. Oller, I. Demirkol, J. Paradells, J. Casademont and W. Heinzelman, "Time-Knocking: A Novel Addressing Mechanism for Wake-up Receivers," Proc. 8th IEEE International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob 2012), Barcelona, Spain, October 9-10, 2012.
  4. M. Y. Naderi, S. Basagni, and K. R. Chowdhury, “Modeling the Residual Energy and Lifetime of Energy Harvesting Sensor Nodes,” IEEE GLOBECOM, Anaheim, California, USA, December 3-7, 2012.
  5. A. H. Coarasa, P. Nintanavongsa, S. Sanyal and K. R. Chowdhury, "Impact of Mobile Transmitter Sources on Radio Frequency Wireless Energy Harvesting," IEEE ICNC, San Diego, USA, January 2013.
  6. L. Chen, H. Ba, W. Heinzelman and A. Cote, "RFID Range Extension with Low-power Wireless Edge Devices," IEEE ICNC, San Diego, USA, January 2013.
  7. L. Chen, S. Cool, H. Ba, W. Heinzelman, I. Demirkol, U. Muncuk, K. Chowdhury, and S. Basagni, "Range Extension of Passive Wake-up Radio Systems through Energy Harvesting," under submission.
  8. P. Nintanavongsa, M. Y. Naderi, and K. R. Chowdhury, "Medium Access Control Protocol Design for Sensors Powered by Wireless Energy Transfer," under submission.